a journey of the senses by FLACONNEUR
Perfumes are formulated with the use of extracts, absolutes, essential oils and tinctures. The term “essential oils” is a term used more often by the fragrance industry to describe the source, purity and technique used to obtain a particular fragrant extract. The following list defines many of the other processes.
Tincture: Fragrant materials are soaked and infused in ethanol. Tinctures are typically thin liquids.
Pommade: Pommades are created through the process of enfleurage, in which essential oils are extracted from fragrant materials by absorption into animal fats. The resulting pommade is an oily or sticky solid.
Essential oil: Fragrant materials are extracted by the distillation or expression of raw materials. Essential oils are in the form of an oily liquid.
Concrète: Fragrant materials are extracted through volatile hydrocarbon solvents. Mechanically, the production of a tincture and concrète are very similar. Concrètes are often waxy in texture.
Absolute: Fragrant materials that are purified from a pommade or concrète by soaking them in ethanol. This process dissolves the waxes and leaves the fragrance behind. Absolutes are typically an oily liquid.